The historical complex Old Orhey includes three villages - Butuceni, Trebujeni and Morovai. Moldova, in 13 century on a place of present village Trebuzhen was золотоордынский the city of Sherh it is scarlet Gerjit. For the short period it became the large administrative, trading and craft centre minting the coin. Caravans-sheds, palaces, mosques, baths, jeweller benches Here are under construction. In 1330 after Golden Horde has been broken Dmitry Donskogo's by army, Шерх it is scarlet-dzhedit stops the existence. On its place there is a small Moldavian settlement.
The middle of 15 centuries. For protection of east boundaries against invasion of Tatars Shtefan of foreheads Маре has transformed a place on Реуте into military-defensive point. So there is a city of Orhej which name Old unlike modern Vasily Lupu who has arisen at reigning. Near to Old Орхея, the present village Butuchen, had a rocky monastery.
At Shtefan foreheads Маре the city has reached the highest blossoming. Old Orhei becomes large shopping centre, but in 1510 it has been destroyed during an attack of Tatars, and the smog not is restored any more.
As scientists consider, the problem of preservation of this unique monument of history and culture costs now very sharply. The press conference which has taken place recently in the culture Ministry has been devoted discussion of this theme. For participation in discussion scientists, architects, representatives митрополии Moldova and workers of the reserve Old Orhei have been invited.
According to gathered, at this problem three basic aspects. The first - financial. Neither from local бютжета, nor allocated with the Ministry of culture it is obviously not enough means for restoration and complex preservation. Without investors, - both local, and foreign not to manage. Employees of the ministry are declined even creating in Old Орхее the international tourist centre - with well developed infrastructure, with possibility to occupy with work in tourist business local population and with attraction of a stream of foreign tourists. While this idea has not found concrete forms, and ancient walls Old Орхея continue to decay and collapse...
The Second aspect пробемы as its pro-rector ULIM the doctor of history G.Postike named, it "the human factor". Not only that the society as a whole shows to a problem of preservation of the most valuable and rare monument of the national history, more likely, indifference, than interest so also inhabitants of nearby villages, alas, at times put a hand to complex destruction near to which it has had the luck to live. "That we will leave to descendants?" - historians and archeologists question. And what this complex, gone through centuries, will enter into the third millenium?
And, at last, the third aspect of a problem Old Орхея are some disagreements between the Ministry of culture and митрополией Moldova. Workers of the ministry would like to keep Old Орхей under jurisdiction and state protection as a cultural-historical monument. Priests consider, that the majority of the monuments which are "under state protection", for some reason come to desolation and would wish to transform church and монастрырь in this zone into operating cult objects. Both parties hope that the compromise will be found. For now have decided to draw to this problem attention of the wide public with discussion in a press. Perhaps, our readers can offer something?