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Theological seminary in history of Kishinev. The history of this building has begun long before its occurrence. The political and public interests bound with personal and state, promoted occurrence in Chisinau. Theological seminary buildings. However, all
2008/06/13
Theological seminary in history of Kishinev. The history of this building has begun long before its occurrence. The political and public interests bound with personal and state, promoted occurrence in Chisinau. Theological seminary buildings. However, all one after another.
XIX century in Russia has thundered every possible transformations. Among the other the turn and reforms in an education sphere has come. At first secular, and then and spiritual. The committee consisting entirely from visible religious figures of that epoch which purpose was to improve system of training of the future clerics has been created. The branch of the higher spiritual formation from average and the lowest became result of reform. And if until then both teenagers, and adults were trained in one classes, and irrespective of available knowledge began a course practically with zero - studying of the Latin alphabet now there was a division of educational process into three phases. The elementary education was assigned to spiritual schools. The theological seminaries which graduates could apply subsequently for training in Spiritual Academies became an average step. The theological seminary training course has been calculated for 6 years - on three biennial courses at each grade level. First two years were given to general educational subjects and were called as rhetorical. Following two - philosophical, last year the theology was studied. It is necessary to give due to severity of that system: to final examinations in the end of the sixth year of training all arrived reached far not. Any modern university can envy the list of subjects: ancient and the modern languages, history and archeology, the Scriptus, герменевтика, philosophy, moral divinity and so on. Gradually Russian became language of training instead of Latin. It is necessary to notice, that progress in this connection has considerably risen. But it was to Russia, and and here Kishinev?
Probably, all heard this name: the Metropolitan Kishinev and Hotinsky Gabriel Benulesku-Bodoni. He also has played a huge role in formation of spiritual formation in Bessarabsky province. Under the peace treaty of 1812, Bessarabia has joined Russia. In a year, in 1813, the new diocese which metropolitan became Benulesku-Bodoni has been formed. Not losing time, it was accepted to building of churches, buildings митрополии, a theological seminary and school. Soon, in 1817, building of a two-storeyed building of a theological seminary has been finished, the first employment have begun. Lectures were read in Russian, confirmed by then, as teaching language in spiritual educational institutions. In 1814 the library has been based. In 1823 have passed to eight-year formation, but the system has not got accustomed, and in 1867 have returned to шестилетке. By the way, in 1867-68 have carried out reconstruction: educational premises began not to suffice, so have added one more floor. By the way, metropolitan Benulesku-Bodoni became and some kind of the founder of the first secular educational institutions in Kishinev. At a theological seminary the board for preparation of officials for service in official bodies has been opened. Pupils received a secular education, studied arithmetics and languages, history and philosophy.
The statistics says, that by 1906 in seminary had time to join knowledge of 4700 pupils, and 383 from them have finished the higher step, and the part has arrived in Spiritual Academy.
Nadejda Degtiareva,
photo by Valerii Corcimari

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