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Museum of red commander Sergey Lazo. Still to steam tens years ago practically in each city there was a street of a name of Sergey Lazo so villages and even some cities were called. With disorder of a large object of Soviet Union all has changed: historia
2008/05/20
Museum of red commander Sergey Lazo.
 
Still to steam tens years ago practically in each city there was a street of a name of Sergey Lazo so villages and even some cities were called. With disorder of a large object of Soviet Union all has changed: historians have once again reconsidered the sights, and tablets with a name of the hero of civil war have disappeared. In Moldova Sergey Lazo's museum in patrimonial manor of his family has remained only.

The village Pjatra has cosy settled down among greens of woods and hills of Orgeevsky district. Here in 1894 the future hero of the Soviet history also was born. Strangely enough, but Лазо by origin a nobleman, the native of rather well-founded family. As it became visible later, it has not especially affected its political orientation, but has allowed to receive a good education. The beginning was necessary in 1st Kishinev man's grammar school, as continuation - physical and mathematical faculty of the Moscow State University.

Under certificates of contemporaries, the young student differed maximalism (however, as well as the youth most part) and was the incorrigible romanticist. As result - active participation in student's revolutionary mugs, hot discussions about the country future, participation in meetings and demonstrations. Mobilisation has not changed outlook of the young revolutionary to military service. Having ended military school, in a rank of the ensign, it gets to 15th Siberian запасный the shooting regiment located in Krasnoyarsk. There is a 1916. In Siberia a large quantity of political exiled. With them also has made friends Лазо, has entered party of socialists-revolutionaries (эсеров). As the deputy from Krasnoyarsk council the future hero gets to Petrograd where for the first time meets Lenin. Sights of Ilyich on мироустройство and radical ways of its formation so have strongly affected the 22-year-old extremist, that it has passed in Bolshevik party. Sergey Lazo comes back to Krasnoyarsk and heads mutiny. The commissioner of provisional government cables: « Bolsheviks have occupied mail, banks and government agencies. Garrison in hands of ensign Lazo ». It was the first successful operation, and soon Лазо becomes the commander of armies of Transbaikalian front. Its main opponents - the deputy of admiral Kolchaka of Rose trees and ataman Semenov. If to trust the Soviet encyclopaedias, Лазо has coped with ataman Semenovym. However, it is trusted in it hardly. In prosperous Siberia the local population with suspicion concerned appeals« we will take away at rich and we will give poor », and armies of the young commander consisted not of the most qualified fighters. And thanks to the so-called guerrillas covered with adherence to Red army and plundering all without analysis, rating Лазо and its subordinates was, to put it mildly, low enough. An another matter the ataman who is supported among local population. So Семенова, not looking at numerous attempts to overcome it was not possible. In the beginning of 1920 when it became known about defeat of admiral Kolchaka, Sergey Lazo and its colleagues have decided to dethrone general Rozanova who was in Vladivostok. The city has been filled by the Japanese armies, attempt has ended with failure. At night with 4 for April, 5th, 1920 Лазо has been arrested. Its traces are lost. Only a month later there was a legend that Sergey Lazo and its two colleagues have burnt alive in a steam locomotive fire chamber.

It is remembered, in the childhood, this fact has amazed me more than heroic feats of revolutionaries. But the legend has appeared a legend. Historians assert, that steam locomotives of those times had no such big fire chambers, and the arrest place will defend on hundreds kilometres from a prospective place of burning.

Anyway, Sergey Lazo is a part of our history. It you will not throw out and you will not forget. And visiting of a museum of the hero of Soviet times gives sensation of easy nostalgia on октябрятско - to the pioneer childhood. In a court yard before the house Sergey Lazo's bust is established. In rooms, on whatnots, books of family Лазо, and in the glazed show-windows - volumes about the hero, published after its  destruction are collected. There is also a peak-cap, on hearings belonging to the red commander. Conditions of rooms are picked up from subjects of XIX century - furniture, candelabrums, candlesticks, national Moldavian carpets and plush cloths. It is difficult to present, that the family cosiness of manor of noble family can induce someone to revolutionary feats. However …

Nadejda Degtiareva,
photo by Valerii Corcimari

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