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That Russian carried. In Moldova, on last statistical data, lives more than hundred ethnoses. Some have appeared recently, some - several centuries ago. In particular, the first Russian immigrants began to live in territory of Moldova with XVII - XVIII ce
2008/06/02
That Russian carried. In Moldova, on last statistical data, lives more than hundred ethnoses. Some have appeared recently, some - several centuries ago. In particular, the first Russian immigrants began to live in territory of Moldova with XVII - XVIII centuries. Basically it there were the Old Believers who have directed for limits of the country in attempts to disappear from religious persecutions. As a result in territory of Moldova there were natives of the most different regions of Russian empire. Migration in unfamiliar edge, accustoming to a local climate, traditions and customs - all it should affect a national suit. But nevertheless there were the lines inherent only in Russian style of national clothes. About them we also will talk today.

The man's suit is very practical and simple. The main component is the shirt, косоворотка. It from a house cloth, along the edges of sleeves was sewed, to a collar and a hem was decorated by an embroidery, however, moderately enough - probably, wives, in order to avoid family troubles, did not hasten to dress up the husbands unduly. If a usual shirt carried simply навыпуск косоворотку drew a belt or a woollen belt. Spacious enough trousers not constraining movements, sewed from this a homespun cloth. Hardly later, with the advent of factory fabrics, man's shirts began to decorate inserts from a colour chintz or the sateen, located on cut lines. Bast shoes standing, under them onuchas or оборы reliably protected feet from damages and a cold. By the end of XIX century when the city fashion has reached villages, well-founded peasants began to get boots. The top has been collected by an accordion - the more folds, the richer the owner of this luxury. In the winter peasants were heated in овчинных нагольных fur coats, during warmer time as outer clothing the caftan or a homespun coat served. The head was crowned with a cap, later some peasants have passed to peak-caps. However, it is obvious not an element of a national suit, the craze is faster.

Women known coquettes, therefore their clothes differed the big variety. But nevertheless the sundress was the basic distinctive line of the Russian dress. The most simple was cut from the several cloths collected above by a small fold on the coquette. This construction on two straps kept and was put on over the bottom shirt. Fabrics for sewing of dresses whenever possible painted, so maidens looked rather attractively. And wide folds of the sundress, called to hide from immodest looks the maiden figure, sometimes, under the pressure of a wind so gracefully fitted a young camp that caused squall of sinful thoughts in rural guys. However, with a prank marriage came to an end. Strict customs, children-pogodki, and, sometimes, and a strong fist of the husband discouraged to a coquetry. Over a sundress the apron - a symbol of the mistress tied, the head was covered with a scarf. By the way, in some areas the apron was called as a curtain - it as though closed, curtained a female figure. Unique joy there was a shirt and sundress colouring. Besides on a threshold of XX century there was a possibility to use factory fabrics - a chintz, coarse calico, sateen, the atlas that has considerably simplified a life of rural women of fashion. In special honour there was a fabric in a strip, and at strip sewing went horizontally, that gave even to the most fragile female figure rather powerful kind.

But till a marriage in respect of dresses and ornaments girls had full freedom. It was possible to carry uncovered hair - for unmarried maidens it is a sin was not considered. Basically hair of the girl collected in one plait, two plaits were a marriage sign. The "combing" ceremony was an obligatory element of weddings - a plait of the bride dismissed, a crest dipped in a bowl with honey, hair combed and braided in two plaits. It is difficult even to assume, how much strong honey stuck together hair, and through what time they managed to be resulted in a normal condition. However, except the husband, hair of the woman all the same nobody saw. To appear for it before the people without a headdress, with open hair was a great shame and shame. Since then also expression «опростоволоситься» was led. By the way, married women, giving a tribute to a local fashion, sometimes so dragged away plaits under a headdress, that hardly closed eyes. Plaits spun and in three locks, and in four, and in the north of Russia and it is more. Such plait was called «бесчисленница».

Curled ringlets near ears, such «завлекалочки» - the maiden pleasure, the next tribute to a coquetry. However, girls could carry and let hair down, tied up by a ribbon round a head. But at heavy country work it was not the best variant. As a headdress beautiful maiden heads crowned kokoshniks. It could be the most complicated construction in the form of a tower with pearls threads between "floors" in a holiday or simply wide bandage moderately decorated with beads and an embroidery - in usual.

From jeweller ornaments applied pearl, beaded, amber, coral necklaces, suspension brackets, a beads, earrings. Girls from well-founded families presumed long, hanging down along cheeks, pearls thread.

As footwear - the same bast shoes, and hardly later leather half boots with furnish from red cloth or morocco.
 
Nadejda Degtiareva,
photo by Valerii Corcimari

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