The most ancient cultural plant of the Earth - corn. Central and the South America is considered its native land. Ten thousand years the corn was a wild-growing kind.
«Mexico has appeared a cultural ancestral home», and on time it happens 7000 thousand years ago. Here, making excavation of one of the most ancient cities of the Earth - Теуакана, the archeologist from America the Poppy Nish has found «wild corn» by which by then it was executed already eight thousand years. Unfortunately, it was absolutely unsuitable in food, but the scientist has not despaired. In later layers of this city - of a phantom of the past, it has found also its descendants - that cultural cereal which we have improved subsequently and began to name corn. At that far ancient corn the sheet wrapper covered only the ear basis, instead of all stalk, as at our modern grades.
In ancient Mexico a maize began to apply in food still before the first vessels for its storage have been made. The corn was one of the reasons which have changed all life of Indians доколумбовой of America - the corn became practically unique widespread cultural cereal, and the Indian has gradually turned from the nomad to the person of the earth. Hunting was replaced with agriculture, and behind it there were also other crafts (necessity of preservation of stocks of a crop has created the first clay vessels).
But ancient corn of a fur-tree not only in solar Mexico - to it Colombia ate and in Peru, Ecuador. Here also its traces - have been found at excavation of ancient American Indian burial grounds...
So revolution », occupied long three and a half thousand the years which have become only by a step to creation of the future empires of Latin America has begun great American« неолитическая. At that time in Europe there lived only illiterate and wild tribes, whose leaders did not dream at all of creation of the future of the lord of cities - Eternal Rome, or magnificent Paris, can also were then anything an imperceptible small village.
Ancient майя idolised corn. Not casually in their old records (codes) corn represented in the form of a human figure - the young attractive and healthy person, whose head terminates in a corncob or is surrounded by corn leaves. The god of corn (and a fertility symbol) carried a proud and beautiful name - Тлалок... In smart ceramics of ancient Peru among other mythological plots there is an image of spirit of a maize...
Indians prepared from corn more than 200 (!!!!!) dishes also grew up more its ten various kinds. For example, Peruvians cooked and roasted grains. From stalks of some grades of corn prepared various syrups and even fault. With corn pollen filled pies, from pollen could even weld soup!
To grow up corn, Indians had to release a place - to be engaged раскорчевкой platforms. And after loosened soil and put in лунки - approximately on distance of 90 sm from each other.
But also in this business the American Indian culture, likely one of first-ever began to use fertilizers.... From fish (that only after the millenia Europeans and the USA began to do). However, not to potter with manufacturing of the fish flour and other technological efforts, Indians arrived easier - they put on one piece of fish in лунку. The blessing, that with a herring at them sufficed the rivers. And fishers they were (and remain till now) magnificent...
And raised corn without special cares while to America Christopher Columbus has not come behind spices and gold. He has seen corn approximately in 1492 on island Cuba about what has left record in the diary - «I saw here a plant named a maize and used in food».
Probably, it the first also has brought corn to a court yard of the Spanish lords. So its triumphal procession across Europe (not saddened by such errors and misunderstanding, as with a potato) has gradually begun. At first - Spain, then omniscient England, then Portugal, France and Italy.
From Portugal the corn has gone to the first far voyage on for the present another's continent - it have brought to India and China. And then and on the island Java mislaid at other ocean...
In Russia the corn is known since 17th century. The corn grew in Russian empire and the first decades of existence of the USSR in Crimea, in Ukraine, the North Caucasus and Georgia. Then to the power Nikita Khruschev, decided to catch up and overtake the USA has come, and on wave of its party hand the corn has stepped and on open spaces of the European part of Russia, on - visible, partly through Turkey as its many names show that: ble de turquie - Frenchmen, turckische Weizen - Germans. An origin of corn the American; before opening of America it in Europe was not known.
In corn, as well as in other ancient agriculture - rice, the starch significant amount contains. There are numerous kinds of children's porridges in which the corn flour is combined with rice and fruit наполнителями. Not casually corn porridge even use for feeding of babies.