Vatican. The state in the state. In the heart of Rome this mysterious city-state has settled down. But Rome to Vatican - city another's: unless with own country would began to establish diplomatic relations? And so the small state exchanges diplomatic missions with one hundred countries of the world, including, and with Italy. Here also understand: whether city, whether the country?
Here it is a little of : the arms, a flag, a hymn, mail, station, press, a fire-fighting crew, a drugstore, a gaz station the cheapest in Italy gasoline and a supermarket with the cheapest in Rome products. Still there is a small army in the form of guard group of the Swiss guards and resident population - 492 persons.
The main sight of Vatican - Sacred Peter's Cathedral. Once here there was распят apostle Peter, on a place of its destruction has been constructed a basil. However, it has held on rather not for long. Its restoration has begun only in XVI century. Who only has not taken a hand in architecture of a symbol of Vatican, Sacred Peter's Cathedral. Well-known for the whole world Браманте, Джокондо, Рафаэль, Микеланджело. Микеланджело has topped the Vatican cathedral with the huge dome visible from any point of Rome. Its diameter - 42 meters and to make out this miracle close, it is necessary to pass to external терраске a cathedral, to rise on height of 120 meters.
Museums of Vatican do not have number. As a matter of fact, all of 440 hectare of the area of this miracle - a continuous museum. The numerous chapels surrounding a pearl of Vatican - the Cathedral, store invaluable exhibits of Renaissance behind thick stone walls. Museums of Vatican are very various under the maintenance. For example, the Historical museum is a collection of the exhibits connected with history of city and Catholicism. The assembly of this museum will tell to you, what uniform was carried by soldiers of Vatican, will show subjects of daily and celebratory use of the Vatican masters - daddies.
Pinakoteca (Picture gallery) - in it cloths of artists are collected - 11-19 centuries, in this museum pride of city - a picture " Terrible court " (11 a century) is presented.
The Gregorian Egyptian museum and Gregorian Этрусский a museum will acquaint you with masterpieces of these исчезнувших civilizations. Magnificent works of art, tombs, vehicles, sarcophagi, invaluable ornaments to the full will transfer you on pair millenia to the past. And still - apartments Борджа, Сикстинская каппела, museum Кьяромонте, станцы Рафаэля - museums of Vatican will please the most refined taste.
photo by Valerii Corcimari