Unity in diversity. Once the Tatar-Mongol yoke had centuries of enslavement and Europe-two stories to me personally. Therefore, the theme of the emergence of the Tatars in the territory of Moldova, with your permission, I will not go deep, just point out that this is an unusually honest and tidy people. Wherever you meet Tatars - Chisinau, Yalta, Moscow, or a small village in the province of deaf and representatives of the people had always distinguished by the openness, the desire to preserve the traditions of ancestors, humility, and severity of judgments. A Tatar national costume, in turn, a combination of material and spiritual principles that characterize Tatar people, which are reflected as in a mirror, moments of history, ethnic and inter-ethnic contacts.
The national costume of the people is very diverse and depends on the territorial ownership of a group of Tatars. But there are common features, repeated not only in Tatar costume, but also borrowed other peoples. For example, beshmet - the traditional men's clothing, which is put on top of a long shirt with standing collar, or by itself. Beshmet, quilted to vate, became the prototype quilted jacket, a lightweight version of the user-friendly clothing - soldier's blouse. A distinctive feature of beshmet, however, as well as any other Tatar men's wear - stand-up collar. Emergency collar little used, except in certain regions of the wedding ritual clothing. Incidentally, in his time the Tatars often joined forces in the entire Cossack troops. The result of (except military) was stunning - Cossacks readily adopted the Tatar other kind of outerwear - Chekmenev. This is somewhere between kaftanom and gowns, fastened at the side hooks. But the basis of the male costume was a long, free shirt and cut shalvary - great step trousers, zauzhennye below the knee. Overdone version shalvar now often seen in the speech of Ukrainian folk dance ensembles. Headgear for men was mandatory attribute, and daily and weekend attire. In fact, hats and shared accordingly: daily (bottom) was a skullcap - and I think no need to explain what it is. Output headdress (upper) - fur, mostly astrakhan or beaver hats cylindrical shape with a flat-bottomed textile. Of shoes still enjoy some ichigi - soft boots, decorated with embroidery, silver plaque, beads. Morocco performed Tatar Kozhevnikov was popular throughout medieval Europe. Only with the advent of the first plant quality and unique softness promenyali on the relative cheapness and functionality of factory boots. And the colors of costumes in the middle of the XIX century, has faded. Whereas previously popular bright, saturated colors with a rich oriental fabric pattern, with the advent of mechanization of labor, young Tatars began to prefer gray and brown colored cloth factory.
Women's suit, traditionally strong, consisted of a long shirt, skirt, jacket, vest. Mandatory headgear was kalfak, but if at first it is fully covered the head and neck, it has become rather a decorative ornament, pin special hooks. As most of the Tatar Muslim women were ordered to wear the hijab. The Holy Prophet Muhammad is reproached women "looked naked, fully dressed." Therefore, Islam is not setting a fashion, requires that the clothing was non-transparent, free and, most importantly, do not form a body of women stressed. However, this style more than offset by an abundance of embroidery and colorful fabrics. Religion does not prohibit the cosmetics and beauty than the Tartar women and enjoy. Antimony to cilia, Chinese white on the face and hands, Usma on eyebrows - sample «lunolikoy» Beauty is ready. Plus many ornaments in the form of nakosnikov, chains, necklace, bracelets, rings, and the temporal nalobnyh jewelry. It is a pity only that the woman in all this magnificence can only appear before the eyes of her husband, relatives and other women. By the way, especially among the ornaments valued jewelry using turquoise. Healers attributed this ability to the stone to cure many diseases, a popular rumors - preserving the properties of the evil eye, and wounds in combat. However, Tatarka of all ages are not neglected topaz, rock crystal, silver and gold - all depended on material wealth as the modern ladies.
Photo by Valerii Corcimari