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Ghimpu Mihai - The new Speaker of the Moldovan Parliament on 18 convocation, leader of the Liberal Party of Moldavia (until 2005 - the Reform Party), the Speaker of the Moldovan Parliament convening XVIII (2009). Previously served as chairman of the Munic
2009/08/29
Ghimpu Mihai - The new Speaker of the Moldovan Parliament on 18 convocation, leader of the Liberal Party of Moldavia (until 2005 - the Reform Party), the Speaker of the Moldovan Parliament convening XVIII (2009). Previously served as chairman of the Municipal Council of Chisinau (2007-2008). In the past, was one of the founders and a member of the executive committee of the Popular Front of Moldova (1988-1993), Member of Parliament of Moldavia (1990-1994, 1994-1998, May 2009). Ghimpu Mihai (Mihai Ghimpu) was born November 19, 1951 in the village Colonita Chisinau (by other sources, Criuleni area of the Moldavian SSR.
It is known that Ghimpu graduated from Kishinev State University, after which worked as legal counsel to state enterprises. In 1978-1990 years he worked as a lawyer, headed the legal departments of various companies and served as a judge Riscani, administrative sectors of Chisinau.
In the late 1980's Ghimpu joined the democratic movement. In the press later, he was mentioned as the founder of the Popular Front of Moldova (MNF), a member of the executive committee of the movement, known as one of the leading political forces in Moldova. In 1990, as a representative of MNF Ghimpu was elected to parliament and entered into a faction of the Popular Front.
In February 1992 at the III Congress of the Popular Front of Moldova was the Christian Democratic Popular Front. In 1993, the deputy Ghimpu left the organization, explaining the move "the need to adhere to political realism" (the majority of the population do not share the desire of the front guide for the unconditional unification of Moldova with Romania and attempted rapprochement with the Romanian Orthodox Church). In the same 1993 Ghimpu was elected executive secretary, later - the vice-president of the Congress of the intelligentsia (held this post until 1998).
In 1994, Ghimpu was elected a member of the Moldovan Parliament from the Bloc of the peasants and intellectuals, the Member of Parliament resigned in 1998.
In 1997 Ghimpu "revived and headed" created in 1993, the Reform Party (PR). The founding fathers of the party is officially referred to as the "movement for national revival" Anatoly Shalaru and businessman Anatol Stati, close to Peter Luchinsky (who was previously first secretary of the Communist Party of Moldavia, and in 1996 became the second president of Moldova). According to some reports, the leadership passed to the OL Ghimpu back in 1995. After the arrival of new manager, according to analysts, the party "went into hibernation" for more than 10 years: it was noted that it participated in elections (both independently and as part of coalitions), but never overcome entry barriers.
In 2004, the Deputy Ghimpu on as leader of PR was his nephew, Dorin Chirtoaca. In April 2005 the party changed its name and became known as the Liberal Party of Moldova (LP). In the press this party called "the most prorumynskoy" (the denial of Moldovan identity and calls for the unification of Moldova and Romania) and differing "radically anti-communist ideology." Ghimpu himself declared that his formation aims to "promote the liberal values."
Analysts noted that the need to "revive pronaftalinennuyu the Reform Party, the Liberal tinsel to decorate it" occurred to Ghimpu in connection with the public activities of his nephew in the 2005 elections, when Chirtoaca several times participated in the election of the mayor (mayor), Chisinau: they were declared invalid because of low turnout.
In June 2007, have been re-organized elections mayor of Chisinau. In the first round Chirtoaca, whom the press called "Moldovan Saakashvili, took second place with more than 24 percent of the vote, while in the second round June 17, 2007 was 61.17 percent of the vote. As a result, collecting votes of "protest electorate that voted not so much for him as against the Communists, he won a convincing victory over a candidate from the Communist Vyacheslav Jordan and led City Hall of Chisinau. Victory Chirtoaca media called the election the Liberal Party's finest hour, and he himself - "a good 'project' made wise political experience Ghimpu. In October of that year he Ghimpu was elected chairman of the Municipal Council of Chisinau. "The town is like one of them will sit in the most beautiful chair - still all the same," - written media, talking about the squabbles and the bargaining representatives of the opposition and possible contenders for the post.
The following year, observers note that most of the time the new post Chirtoaca had to spend on conflict resolution in the Municipal Council of Chisinau, where the new mayor is not perceived as a serious administrator. It was noted that a decisive influence on Chirtoacă in this period continued to Ghimpu. According to experts, thanks to the attainment of the leaders of the Liberal Party mayor and chairman of the council of the capital, it has become "one of the main opposition forces of the Republic of Moldova".
Media wrote that the municipal council under the leadership of Ghimpu "remember the endless scandals, full of confusion, inability to take even one, any sensible and reasonable solution." Mention was also made his decision "to pay for the expense of the citizens against all loss water utility, a sharp rise in prices for services of residential buildings and the growth rates for the heat. In June 2008 Ghimpu was removed from his post by the decision of the members of the local council, despite statements Chirtoaca in defense of his cousin.
During the election campaign that preceded the April 2009 parliamentary election Ghimpu took second place in the list of the Liberal Party of Moldova (Chirtoaca won the first and the first director of LP Shalaru - the third). Appear in the press information that Shalaru returned to politics, not only to support "a phenomenon Chirtoaca," but also "to somehow shorten" Gimpo, because he not only behaves politically inadequate, but has at the same time, the decisive influence D. Chirtoaca.
In early April 2009 in Moldova was held the next parliamentary elections. The electoral threshold for representation in parliament (6 percent for parties and 3 percent for independent candidates) overcame four parties including the Liberal Party of Moldova has received more than 12 percent of the vote. However, the majority (almost 50 per cent) was the Communist Party of Moldavia (PCF), led by President Vladimir Voronin. Despite the confirmation of independent observers to the fact that the elections were held without violations, the Moldovan opposition, dissatisfied with the outcome of the vote, organized a protest in Kishinev. Two days later, they escalated into riots, during which protesters smashed and set fire to the parliament and presidential administration in Moldova. After what happened, opposition leaders said the loss of control over the situation and called for support for "peaceful protests" in order to obtain from the authorities recount and verification of voter lists. The Communists accused the opposition of organizing the coup: in a televised address Voronin, in particular, noted that leaders of opposition parties, including Ghimpu "de facto head of the headquarters, which has begun to implement the anti-constitutional coup d'etat in Moldova".
In the same month at the request of President Voronin of Moldova adopted the Constitutional Court decision to recount votes in the elections. As a result of recount Communists reiterated their results (49,48 percent of votes). The Liberal Party received 13.13 percent of votes, second only to OPM. At the same time the Constitutional Court confirmed the names mandates of deputies of the Moldavian Parliament XVII convocation. However, Gimpo, as well as other MPs from the opposition, given a mandate to the official presentation of the documents did not come, and took them to the Central Election Commission. At the same time Ghimpu said that the Liberal Party, under any circumstances would not cooperate with the communist regime "and to participate in presidential elections. He says, and the fact that his political formation is appealing the decision of the Constitutional Court of Moldova on the recognition of the legitimacy of elections to the European Court of Human Rights.
In May 2009 the parliament passed a vote on the candidacy of the future president of the republic. Despite the fact that the Communists launched their unanimous support for this post Zinaida Greceanii, it does not become president. She did not have a deputy to vote, because the three opposition factions - the Liberals, the Liberal Democrats and the Alliance Our Moldova - boycotted the vote. However, shortly thereafter Ghimpu said that the ranks of the faction led by LP "hides the same 'gold' 61 th votes required to elect the president." "This is nothing but a direct allusion to the fact that bargaining with him and his adherents still appropriate," - concluded analysts. After the failure of the second vote, Voronin nominated Greceanii as Prime Minister, 10 June, the government was approved by Parliament on 15 June the President under the Constitution, dissolved Parliament and called new parliamentary elections. July 29, 2009 in Moldova was held early parliamentary elections XVIII convocation. The first elections took place on the Communist Party (44.76 per cent of voters). Passed in the parliament and the four other parties - the Liberal Democrats (16.55 percent), Liberal (14.61 percent), Democratic Party of Moldova (12.55 percent) and the Alliance "Our Moldova" (7.35 percent of the vote). As a result, the Communists gained 48 seats in Parliament (out of 101), the Liberal Democrats - 18 Liberals - 15, ASM - 7, the Democrats - 13. Gimpo, as well as leaders of the Liberal Democratic Party (Vlad Filatov), Democratic Party (Lupu) and the Alliance "Our Moldova" (Serafim Urechean) more than a week held talks on forming a coalition, and in August 2009 the party established a governing coalition under the banner " European integration.
August 28, 2008 Moldova's parliament elected its speaker Ghimpu: voted for him in all the 53 members of the coalition "For European integration. The Communists immediately said that would challenge the election of the Speaker in court.

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