Putna Monastery - the last resting place of Stephen the Great. This year, our small country is celebrating its 650 anniversary. A big contribution to the Moldovan statehood, in the prosperity of the country has made Stephen the Great - Moldavian sovereign, whose name is given to streets, schools, theaters. But there is a corner where the name of Stephen the Great honored along with the saints. This Putna monastery in the Romanian part of Bukovina. This monastery was once founded by the great emperor and still keeps almost pristine form. However, everything in order.
In 1457 became famous for the fact that the reign of Stephen III. It is only then it will be great, but so far the neighbors were not particularly concerned - Moldavia is not a threat to them. But things changed before our eyes. The Emperor began to work actively to strengthen the principality, with no fear of entering into battle, and, to his credit, most of them won. According to legend, after every victory erected a monastery or a temple - and the first was founded Putna Monastery. Construction of the ruler of the monastery gave special importance - not far from the monastery directly into the rock, located cell spiritual mentor of Stephen the Great - the father of Daniel the Hermit. Maybe that's why it was chosen and is a place for the monastery. War did not prevent the initiated, moreover, the inhabitants of the monastery to assume that the construction of the monastery - a good thing - even helped to win new victories. Like it or not - not for us to judge. Construction was completed in 1469. The monastery was originally distinguished by rich decoration, in the chronicle of John Neculce mentions that the gilding on the walls was more than the painting, both inside and outside. The monastery quickly got to his feet: there was his farm, workshops. Embroideries inhabitants of the monastery became famous far beyond the vicinity, was organized by the singing school, grew Library - monks copied the books themselves. To contain subsistence farming helped parishioners, but otherwise the monks and would not be able - only for the first few years the number of cattle doubled. Ros and authority of the monastery - have come here from afar, stremilim pilgrims worship the holy icons and relics.
Only sometimes peaceful life of the monastery violated attacks so fires. Thus, the monastery over the centuries has become prey Timosha Khmelnitsky, then there had pohozyaynichat bistritskie robbers, contributed to the soldiers of the Austrian Empire. There have been fires, earthquakes - perhaps in the annals of every ancient buildings there are sad page. But every time Putna recovered surprisingly quickly. Destroy the main hramUspeniya Mother of God - through 9 years old foundations appears new. Walked the fire on the refectory, shelter and kelyam - all restored. It is a pity of course, that until modern times of the old buildings remained only Treasury tower, and all other buildings were restored in due time. But such is life ... Above all, look monastery was retained almost intact. The main temple was built in the Romanian style - weightless floating roof over the walls, two entrances - from the south and north - offer input parishioners. The monastery is surrounded by thick stone walls, covered passage with loopholes obviously served for defense.
Gradually the monastery church became shrine for Moldovan rulers - the ashes of 28 rulers of Moldavia found his solace in the walls worthwhile. Great rulers of Stephen buried under a bushel of Dormition Church.
Unlike many monasteries, Putna remained open and the Austrian Empire, and in fixing of the former Soviet power in Romania. Sometimes we had a very hard prihodilov assert their rights, but the monastery stood. Now here devote themselves to serving God, almost a hundred people - monks, monks, novices. The modern inhabitants of the monastery managed to preserve and develop craft predecessors: the monastery is famous for its gold plating equipment, manufacture and restoration of ecclesiastical objects, icons. But this material, and spiritual - is a prayer for our sinful world, 150 prostrations every day, Saturday vespers in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary and a few services in the morning and evening. The street was dark, for us - another night, a few more hours of sweet sleep. But four beats, and sounds of the monastery of wooden clappers - the monks should wake up to the first service, midnight. After the morning service, hours, liturgy. The day started. So in the prayers and work of the monks spend their days - inhabitants worthwhile. The continuous fabric helped keep the special atmosphere of the monastery, it seems that a little more, and he will go great rulers of the church, knelt in honor of another victory.
photo: Valeri Corcimari.