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Here lyre of northern desert disclosing, I wandered … Ampere-second. Pushkin. In the first part of XIX century provincial Kishinev became the present haven for set of liberal people. Here, on Empire suburb, banished for heterodoxy of what views on an exis
2010/02/07

Here lyre of northern desert disclosing, I wandered … Ampere-second. Pushkin. In the first part of XIX century provincial Kishinev became the present haven for set of liberal people. Here, on Empire suburb, banished for heterodoxy of what views on an existing order could not like the authorities. In 1821 has got to Bessarabia and Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin. In Kishinev and in district it is a lot of the places connected with his name. One of them - village Dolna where in greens of trees the former manor of family of Rally-arbore hides. Since 1946 the museum devoted and an intricate life of the Moldavian nobility as a whole, and to the rebellious poet in particular here is opened.

The history of the museum is a little confused. If you arrive in Долну and ask about Pushkin any of inhabitants, to you will answer rather categorically: yes, Pushkin here was with one of sons of Rally, has spent about two months. Actually the true looks a little differently.

Pushkin really was on friendly terms with Rally family - differently and could not be. Educated, formed Замфир Rally arranged magnificent musical and dancing evenings, despised gamblings, so extended in other houses of noble family. Young Alexander Sergeevich has quickly made friends with one of sons - Ivan Ralli, the young man of advanced views and ideas, began happen often on a visit. In the hot summer 1821 Ivan needed to visit the estates, and Pushkin has gone together with it. Ivan Ralli's estate settled down near to Kishinev, consisted of several villages, including Долны and the Gipsy village located nearby in wood. The manour house stood in Юрченах - villages, for that moment of having 30 court yard. There young men also have gone.

Knowing romantic character of the young poet, it is easy to assume, as it is a trip has not done without adventures. However, there are enough innocent. Pushkin has been intrigued by a life of a Gipsy camp, and especially beauty of daughter Булибаши - heads of gipsies. Long hours he spent with Замфирой which sang to it Gipsy songs, told about a camp life. The history holds back, whether there was any development in these relations - hardly the severe father would suffer similar so relations, most likely, and remained Platonic. However the camp life has so carried away the poet, that for some time it has completely plunged into a life of gipsies.

The Pushkin's exile has ended in three years, but the friendship with Rally family remained. Correspondence of younger members of family is stored in a museum with Alexander Sergeevichem. There is a proved assumption, that the church in village Dolna is constructed by Ivan Ralli in memory of the friend - the plan of its building is confirmed in a year of tenth anniversary of death of the poet, the base is put in pawn in 1849 - in the 50 anniversary from the date of Pushkin's birth, and consecration has passed in 1852. It is supposed, that the stone landowner house was under construction simultaneously with church - at least, no data on it in church books to середы are available XIX centuries.

In 1949, it is a little having recovered from military ruin, collective farm of Pushkin, located in village Dolna, has opened a museum of the poet in the remained landowner manor. The exposition was rather poor, and in the beginning of 60 collective farmers have addressed in the Ministry of culture with the request to help to fill up an exposition. The accent has been put on books and painting. Pushkin's central museum has sent in gift about 1000 books, photocopies of documents, lithographs. In a museum there were subjects of conditions and an interior of houses of XIX century of noble family, heads of a museum managed to restore manor atmosphere.

Come to a museum: this silent, quiet place almost at hill top. The house surrounded with trees, some of which - Pushkin's coevals, hardly looks through through greens. Manor rooms are a little similar to a museum - unless protective ropes remind visitors of it. Magnificent sofas, gobelins, a spacious dancing hall - and you see, how under grand piano sounds are turned in a slow waltz of pair. In the next room east motives are felt: supports for the Koran, an abundance of pillows, carpets on walls, intricate ware. Hardly further - an office with massive wooden furniture, a dining room, library.

Round a museum the park is broken, here there is a monument to the poet of work of O.Komov. Pushkin, опершись on a column, has directed a thoughtful sight afar, as if recollecting about the days spent in local places.


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