The public transport of Kishinev - what it was … the old city of Chisinau. For last two hundred years Kishinev from village has turned to capital, let and not the largest on scales of Europe, but, nevertheless. The disgusting duckling became a swan, and we will hope, that it not a limit. And, as well as in many capitals, there was a problem of oversaturation transport - private авто and public transport are pounded on narrow small streets, stir each other, is disturbing signal. But after all so was not always. Still one and a half centuries ago streets were silent and quiet - on suburbs it was quite possible to meet herd of cows or the sheep, slowly planted on houses sleepy пастушонком. In the central street only droshkies occasionally roared, smoothly shook landau sides, yes hot stallions caracoled under daring officers. Idle time люд used vehicles, and more often - simply feet: the city was small, from the end in the end was short to pass and on foot. And the middle class used the private carrying which has existed practically till 30th years of the XX-th century for trips. Carriers were extremely good - in a uniform, with broad beards and loud voices, they is juicy squabbled among themselves in, absolutely special language. In short winter months, during a snow time, they changed the roaring vehicles for silent sledge, covered horses цветастыми with body cloths and a city deprived of a thunder iron ободьев about a roadway, plunged into blissful silence.
Revolutionary revolution in transport sphere has occurred by the end of XIX century, in 1888 when the Municipal duma has decided to start in a city конку and has published the corresponding decree. The first a tench of iron rails has passed on central Aleksandrovsky street (nowadays Stefan cel Mare). Its extent has made 6 versts. Open cars, have been delivered by quantity of 7 pieces from Warsaw. The footboard in these cars lasted along all car, so on especially demanded sites (near the New Market, for example) in "rush hours" idle time люд clusters hanged down from both parties. 7 more closed cars it has been bought in Odessa that corresponded to increasing requirements of a city - new ways were laid, and soon in a city operated four lines конки. The enterprise became quite favourable, and in 1896 has been bought up at the Kishinev businessmen by the Belgian Anonymous society of the Kishinev konno-railways. Already in the XX-th century beginning stops конки - basically on travelling where carriages stopped have been accurately designated and waited while there will pass the passer.
Has come 1910, progress has appeared suddenly and in бессарабскую capital - the Municipal duma has accepted the decision about transfer конки on electric draught. So the Kishinev tram though before date of its actual birth was as early as three years has arisen. Concession on a tram economy was it is given the same Belgian society which owned it till 1940. Small carriages with noise and a roar crossed the expanded city and served as the present rescue for handicraftsmen, peasants, мешочников and workers. To go by a tram it was not so convenient - first, notorious noise, secondly - long stops on travelling. The double track has been laid only on Aleksandrovsky, in other streets of a city trams, as well as конка, have been compelled to expect on travelling a counter route.
War was rolled and has made noise, and in 1946 movement of trams has renewed. The young power of Councils paid to city restoration the big attention so in some years the ruins which have remained after bombardments began to remind former Kishinev. In the late fifties, the beginning 60 there were also the first signs of "luxury" accessible to the mere mortal unless in a special occasion: smart WINTERS on those times began to carry out a role of a city taxi, in some years noisy трамвайчики have been completely superseded from streets by trolley buses. Only rare hemp from tram columns and until now it is possible to find in city streets. The first trolley buses deserve the separate story - these darlings, goggle-eyed certificates of progress in comparison with tram went almost silently, that is impossible pleased кишиневцев, living in houses along tram ways. And as the quantity of the rich has sharply decreased, the most part of inhabitants of Kishinev used in the movement by trolley bus.
Nadejda Degtyaryov, Photo by Valerii Corcimari.