Museum of history of Jews of Kishinev, simply history … the Museum to a museum рознь, but in each of them the charm. Pathos and pomposity Is pleasant? Then to you in the National museum of history and archeology. Huge halls, pictures in gilt baguettes, поскрипывание a parquet and red ropes. Personally I prefer something cosier: warm and sincere, reminding children's travel on a grand-dad's attic where among a dust and паутинок it is easy to find an ancient samovar, old photos and граммофонные plates. Such sensations were presented to me by visiting of a museum of history of Jews of Kishinev at centre Kedem. Small зальчики are filled by old documents; from the photos which have been hanged out on walls, on you serious moustached men and smiling women look. Nearby - household goods on which it is easy to present a life of a usual family. In it and an exposition charm - bypassing halls, you as though come back in the end XIX - beginning XXвека. Each thing stores the history which to you with pleasure will be told by workers of a museum. Exhibits are not bought: all these things and documents - personal things of the Kishinev Jews, once belief and the truth serving to the owners. Among set of museums and museum complexes, this, perhaps, one of the youngest. But to it it does not stir - more likely, on the contrary.
Irina Shihova, the director of a museum: to Collect exhibits hard enough: to buy possibilities is not present, so with pleasure it is accepted all that people bring to us. These are personal photos, documents, use subjects. More often people bring all it when are going to leave or touch archives. Speak: «Here I have found out, in me, it appears, there are old photos». We try concerning each subject or a photo to learn history. Who used it, who in a photo is represented, when was born and as called. It is necessary, that each exhibit had the life and was interesting. I can tell about each document. That it not simply typical diploma which gave out in such year, and that is connected with this diploma: that here and so the Jewish boys, for example, studied as doctors.
Those who thinks, that the Jewish culture in territory of Moldova - the phenomenon young - strongly is mistaken. After all the first mention of residing of Jews in Kishinev contains in «to the Chronicle стародавности romano-moldo-valahov» Dmitry Kantemira and concerns beginning XVIIIв. Since times of joining of Bessarabia to Russian empire, the quantity of the Jewish population has considerably increased and grew every year - here, at us, there passed line of settled way of life. By 1867 in Kishinev was more than 18 thousand Jews, besides synagogues there were 28 prayful houses. To the end of the century the Jewish diaspora of Kishinev has exceeded 50 thousand persons (it was for that moment approximately 46 % of the population). Then, according to Jewish колонизационного societies, the majority of the industrial enterprises and mills of Kishinev belonged to Jews. Jews of Chisinau were engaged in trade in agricultural products, products, fabrics and clothes, contained sewing and repair shops, извозные offices.
Irina Shihova: Frequently people, bringing something, hesitate, speak «He/she is my grandfather, but it the usual Jew». I explain to them, that their typical Jewish grandfather is interesting to that it is typical that on its history it is possible to present a life of all generation, family history. And if it is possible to dig out the information about some generations it is even more interesting. After all it is easier for telling: here generation which has gone through pogrom, someone has suffered, someone was a number, but it managed to be rescued. And the following generation partially managed to be rescued during the Holocaust. The history of each concrete person is very informative: it managed to leave at the last minute, and the wife remained also it have shot. On such usual Ivanovs, Петровых, Коганах and Rabinovichs the history finds a flesh. To explain, that was lost 6 million Jews during the Holocaust - this figure shakes and does not go in. It is especially difficult to tell the young. «Ah!» Also what? They cannot present, as this car worked.
- You prefer any certain direction?
I work with the Jewish history as a whole. For me it, probably, possibility to comprehend at other level my personal history. Therefore as, besides, that is abstract history of one of the ethnoses occupying and occupying Moldova, it also history of my grandmothers, grandfathers, mums, daddies. Because I the Jew, and that I now know theoretically, I recollect from the childhood too. That language on which spoke in the house, those traditions which remained in my not so religious family. It is possibility at other level to touch to live, to the.
photo by Valerii Corcimari