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The instants which have turned to eternity - a cemetery, the Jew, the city of Chisinau. In each human settlement there is without what it cannot live. No, it not transport, shops or wide prospectuses. These are cemeteries - cities dead, eternal companions
2010/11/25
The instants which have turned to eternity - a cemetery, the Jew, the city of Chisinau. In each human settlement there is without what it cannot live. No, it not transport, shops or wide prospectuses. These are cemeteries - cities dead, eternal companions of cities live. Excursion on ancient Kishinev cemeteries is capable to illustrate completely all history of formation of a city, to show both social, and national structure of the population. On cemeteries magnificent samples of a sculpture XVIII and have remained XIX centuries. And despite an antiquity of last burial places, often on such cemeteries it is possible to see natural flowers or - a tribute modern экономности - plastic bouquets. Such you will not meet only in one place - on the remained old Jewish cemetery of Kishinev that is in area Skuljanki. Here practically nobody comes - unless local люд deduces to be grazed house goats, yes someone especially brave cuts off in the evening a corner.
From the point of view of the device, the Jewish cemeteries differ also inscription language, it is Hebrew language, and dating is a Jewish calendar with corresponding month and year of death from world creation, instead of on Christian chronology. Certainly, if we speak it about a traditional cemetery, now these distinctions becomes ever less. There are no also surname instructions - they at Jews have appeared late enough so in XIX century on gravestones the name of the person and a name of his father was specified only. On female burial places it was necessarily specified - the maiden or the married woman, one of epithets "modest" was in most cases used, "true" etc. Essential differences are and in a design of gravestones. To the middle of the XX-th century they represented a hemispherical hollow stone, and gravestone стела was established not in a headboard, as at orthodox, and in feet. And, certainly, it is necessary to mention a decor gravestone стел. Now it is possible to do approximate conclusions about what prosperity of a family deceased was - richly adorned stone testified to a solvency. But even the most rather poor families tried to decorate gravestones beautifully. Basically were applied or abstract symbols - vegetative or geometrical ornaments, or иудаистскую symbolics. So, the image of a two-headed eagle meant the reference to Supreme, the image of the lions standing on hinder legs testified, that this Jewish burial place, the same as also the bunch image - one of symbols of Israel. Often, at желаниипроиллюстрировать a name of the dead, images of corresponding animals were entered.
If to speak about functioning differences of the Jewish cemetery from any another are rather essential. If the Christian cemetery is a place where people go regularly the Jewish traditional cemetery is a place where people go to strictly taken away time. In culture human there are two ways of honouring of relics. It is possible to esteem, often visiting, making pilgrimage, and it is possible to esteem, avoiding visitings. If we address to history an inner sanctum of the Jerusalem temple just and was such place which was visited once a year only by one person - the high priest, and anybody is more never could come there. The sanctity of a place was underlined by its privacy.
In the Jewish tradition it is accepted, that while one of parents is live at least, a cemetery to visit it is not recommended. According to the Jewish law, it is not necessary to assign flowers or wreaths to a tomb. The flowers put on a tomb, and, especially in a coffin - a vestige left pagan custom of worship to spirits of ancestors, forbidden Jews. If by mistake flowers are already brought, they can be put near to a tomb without ceremonies and ceremonies. But it is better, as a sign of honouring, to bring on a tomb a small stone. The Jewish necropolis - if to translate with Greek is literally - «a city dead» - another's city. There is a city live, and there is a city of the dead. These cities are divided both a fencing, and a certain hidden wall to cross which needlessly it is not recommended.
Unfortunately, the tradition of gravestone ornaments has not remained - modern cemeteries are depersonalized by standard gravestones and gravestones. But till now in the Jewish quarters of city cemeteries the silence reigns - to disturb inhabitants of other world it is not accepted till now.

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