«I have erected a monument to not man-made …» - Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin wrote. Workers of National archive of Moldova воздвижением not man-made monuments are not engaged. At them little bit other problem: to keep that others including creations of the great poet have created.
The registrar, or, on a modern harmony, the archivist - a trade ancient, but now special prestige not using. Here affect set of low salaries with huge responsibility for safety of documents, a combination of intense brainwork with heavy work physical. After all into duties of the registrar enters not only storage of certificates of the past, but also their restoration, daily leaving, studying of ancient documents. The eternal dust, heavy folders and books, close premises of appeal of a trade do not add. And still there are the people, which many years of the life come every morning for work to National archive to bring the modest contribution to preservation of history of our country. Thus within the precincts of archive it is possible to forget about approach ХХ1 of a century, it, probably, last stronghold of resistance to a computer era. But there is it not because of workers, is simple at the state on care of the history there are no means. Even film documents and microfilms are stored till now on a 35-millimetric film. And it after all is not eternal, even at storage perfect conditions there are destructive processes. The same concerns and documentary photographs: on demand a photo to you will not give out, will make a print from a negative. Naturally, this negative gets in due course more and more damages, gradually becomes unfit for use. Meanwhile, one of recommendations of the Council of Europe is restoration of historical memory of our people.
National archive RM counts the history since 1815 when in Bessarabsky provincial office the post of the secretary responsible for safety of all documents has been entered. The surname of the first registrar - Yermolaev is known even. Though, for the sake of justice it is necessary to note, as before the tradition of storage of documents was observed also by the Moldavian boyars, and господарями. Till our time such curiosities, as the hand-written book of XIV century, the original of reading and writing Штефана Great, жалованная Peter 1 which have been given out to Michael Evdokimovichu Kokoshkinu's the reading and writing, the metric books nowadays helping our citizens to make the family tree otherwise would not remain. 1895 became one more memorial. Then the Bessarabsky provincial scientific archival commission has been created. Its Ivan Halippa has headed. Thanks to it archival business of Bessarabia considerably progressed, and its book «Kishinev of times of Pushkin» is of interest till now not only as the sample of literature Х1Х of a century, but also as the magnificent historical document. One more worthy name - Leon the God, the director of archive since 1918. At it the almanac edition «From our past» known historian George Bezvikonnyj became which founder has begun. Workers of archive actively were engaged in researches of historical documents. Unfortunately, there were also drama moments. During Great Domestic echelons with archival documents which had not time to go to back yet have been blown up. Many data have been lost for ever.
In National archive of 3,5 million documents only on paper carriers, yes how many still films and soundtracks. By the way, to come to archive and work with documents in a reading room any interested person can. Also believe, real historical documents at times grasp much more strongly, than any of modern novels.
Nadejda Degtiareva, photo by Valerii Corcimari.