Energy and biomass - a new life of old technologies. The term "biomass", for some reason, causes the associations connected whether with films of horrors in me, whether with a popular scientific fantasy. However, all is much easier and more clear. A biomass - a biological waste of agriculture, деревообработки and so forth, which resourceful and economical Europeans have learnt to transform for a long time already into heat and energy. Certainly, it is necessary to note, as we did not lag behind - as they say, all new is well forgotten old. Furnaces in houses heated both wood, and straw, but it gets industrial scales only now.
So, from 17.05.2011 at support ПРООН and Governments RM the program «Energy and a biomass in Moldova», called to solve some problems is started at once. It and savings of such power resources, as oil, gas, coal with corresponding economy of financial assets; and increase in quantity of workplaces; and environment preservation. According to the project, by 2015 of an order of 500 rural families and about 130 public institutions located in a countryside (schools, hospitals etc.) will be heated by means of a biomass of local manufacture - straw and other waste of processing grain.
Than the project is good?
First, straw which earlier left on fields and subsequently burnt (additional harm to environment), now, by means of special combines is cleaned. At once special briquettes which are already ready for use in boiler-houses are in the field formed. Experts assert, that two-three such briquettes suffice on all the day qualitative heating of rural school.
Secondly, rural примэрии and private enterprises can save real means, having refused from habitual power resources. In comparison with gas, straw is practically free. Its cost price for an economy basically develops of cost of use of work of workers and technics. At desire it is possible to organise own business on manufacture and biomass realisation that will positively affect village development.
Thirdly, let and slightly, but the quantity of workplaces in village increases - there is a small hope, that this factor will save though someone from peasants from labour migration in more grain places. In case the economy can adjust manufacture of a biomass for the subsequent sale, there will be also additional sources of the income. It means, that more means will be allocated for the maintenance of the same schools and hospitals.
The fourth one after another, but not on the importance it is possible to note preservation of power resources and improvement of general ecological conditions. Unlike coal, oil, peat, a biomass - a product renewed, besides the renewal cycle makes only year - till a new crop. We will consider, that people even not anxious by the general ecological well-being understand what better, easier and more cheaply to use straw remaining after cleaning, than to get expensive energy carriers. Real advantage for sane owners. In this connection the project has already received a wide circulation in Europe, and there is a firm belief that will get accustomed and at us.
And at last some figures. For an embodiment of project ПРООН has allocated 560 thousand euro, and the European Union - 14млн. Euro. Total 14,56 million in the European currency for four years, taken away on project development. It is necessary to hope for a real embodiment of all plans.
Nadejda Degtyaryova, photo by Valerii Corcimari.