Independence of Moldova is proclaimed 21 one year ago. The word-play "Depending on Independence" directly began to concern our country. Different people allocate different "main thing" in this marathon in 21 year. And, nevertheless, there are marks which defined process of our distressful Native land.
The Moldavian not Soviet republic on August, 27th, 1991 the parliament has accepted the Declaration of independence of Republic Moldova. However, not politicians, and many thousand people which gathered in the centre of Kishinev and have demanded independence were the main characters of that day.
Piously instead of In December, 1991 the first president of Moldova became Ìèð÷à Ñíåãóð. Instead of the Constitution it swore the country people on the Bible: to swear on organic law ÌÑÑÐ it was somehow inappropriate, and another yet was not.
The check appetite national privatisation became the Main economic event 90. Citizens had an opportunity to become co-owners of large state actives by means of privatisation checks. But and did not become.
The first anticivil war the Conflict in Dnestr region in which result Kishinev has lost the control over industrially developed region of the country, became an independence underside. Now between two coast of Dnestr the world. But the consent is not present and in ïîìèíå.
Last in public selected Peter Luchinsky became the second president of Moldova and last head of the state who was selected direct national voting. At it changes after which Moldova became parliamentary republic which is till now have been made to the Constitution of 1994.
Red day of a calendar on April, 7th, 2001 the president of Moldova for long years becomes the party leader of communists Vladimir Voronin. On April, 7th becomes for it in the special afternoon, but absolutely for other reasons later. For now words «Lenin, party, Komsomol» come back in a political lexicon. Âîðîíèí promises to reconcile with Dnestr region, to result Moldova in the Union of Russia and Belarus and much that else.
Hot November In November, 2003 Moscow makes an attempt once and for all to settle the conflict on Dnestr. To Kishinev offer the plan ôåäåðàëèçàöèè Moldova, known as «memorandum Êîçàêà». The opposition is indignant. The Christian Democratic party of Moldova especially is zealous, whose members openly show the relation to Russia and its management. One consider a memorandum failure as "the missed chance», and others - «rescue of the sovereignty of the country».
To Europe with the communism In the middle of zero the Party of communists becomes the most important eurointegrator of Moldova. The Plan of action Moldova-EU »is accepted«. During parliamentary election campaign of 2005 communists show creative miracles, having connected in one slogan a sickle, a hammer and eurointegration. Vladimir Voronin in second time becomes the president.
Revolt anticommunistic demonstration is dashing on April, 7th, 2009 develops into the present revolt. The crowd with ecstasy smashes a building of parliament and administration of the president. After that communists gradually lose the power in the country and leave in opposition. Who has organised disorders on April, 7th, not clearly till now, that does not prevent to consider to the present authorities this day almost celebratory and simultaneously to continue search of heroes of the festivities of democracy.
Again the three Since July, 2009 in Moldova corrects a coalition created by Liberally-democratic, Democratic and Liberal parties, - an alliance «For the European integration». Despite the political union, leaders of an alliance liberal Mihaj Gimpu, liberal democrat Vladimir Filat and democrat Marian the Magnifier seldom happen are unanimous at decision-making and just in case steadfastly watch activity each other.
Besprezidentsky case on March, 16th, 2012 in Moldova which throughout almost three years a vein without the head of the state, is selected the fourth president. Judge Nikolay Timofti who at once has promised became them, that it will not politicise. While mister Timofti manages to hold the word pledged to it.
Vladimir Soloviov, photo by Valerii Corcimari.