The statue of Freedom established on island of Freedom in the New York bay, celebrates today the 125-year-old anniversary. Statue opening ceremony in which the post of US president Grover holding at that time Clevelend has taken part, has taken place here on October, 28th, 1886. The monument has been presented the people of America in gift by France by century of the American revolution.
Created in 1875 sculptor Frederikom Bartoldi the statue, which height from the basis of a pedestal to an upper edge of a flame of a torch makes 92 metres, has been delivered to New York by a steamship, disassembled on 350 fragments.
Design gross weight - 225 tons, on its manufacturing cunningly 125 tons of a steel and about 30 tons of copper. In the first years of "life" on island of Freedom the statue was the highest construction of New York. Initially it carried out functions of the usual beacon helping the ships to be guided in the New York harbour. And only in the course of time the statue has turned to tourist sight which condition is watched by National park service of the USA.
The program of celebrating of the 125 anniversary «Lady of Freedom» as still name a sculpture, will have something in common with solemn ceremony of its opening. On Freedom island ceremony of granting of the American citizenship to 125 immigrants from more than 20 countries will take place, hymns of France and the USA will be executed.
American film actress Сигурни Уивер will read written in 1883 poetess Emma Lazarus a sonnet «the New Colossus», devoted to Freedom statue, and the Minister of Internal Affairs of the USA Ken Salazar will hand over memorable gifts to the representative of the French government. Festivals by solemn pass of a flotilla of courts and fireworks will come to the end.
By an anniversary the statue also will receive a technological gift from five web cameras established on the higher point of a sculpture - a torch. In a mode of real time of the chamber will transfer a high-quality panoramic kind to skyscrapers of Manhattan and all New York bay.
For the first time since 1916 this kind though and in a computer format, it will be accessible for all comers. During the First World War the American authorities have closed for public access in a torch for safety reasons.
After acts of terrorism on September, 11th, 2001 to visitors have forbidden to rise in internal premises of a statue, including a crown, but after some years the survey platform was again open. However on Saturday access of tourists in a monument will be approximately again stopped for a year in connection with repair work. In a statue it is necessary to establish new ladders and lifts.
Ста́туя Свобо́ды (English Statueof Liberty, the full name - Свобо́да, озаря́ющая the world, English Liberty Enlightening the World)