There is 6th Plenum of party of communists of Republic Moldova. The question "Position in agriculture and on village as a whole" is discussed.
With reports have acted G.Popa, G.Balmosh, O.Rejdman's as vol. In debate members of the Central Committee, deputies of fraction PKRM, and also the invited representatives of agrosector, including the chairman of collective farm "Victory" have acted with. Копчак, тов. N.Dragan. With concluding remarks chairman ПКРМ тов has acted. V.Voronin.
Following the results of Plenum work the Decision was accepted. In the given document in particular it is noticed, that the presented complex and all-round estimation of social and economic development of the Moldavian village and agrarian sector of Republic Moldova testifies to original humanitarian accident in a countryside, restoration of neofeudal type of managing and actual extinction of all agrarian branch of the Moldavian economy.
Extreme and absolutely unacceptable changes of an agrarian policy, events in 90th years, have led to falling on 55 % of total manufacture of agriculture in comparison with 1990. During this period to 70 percent it was reduced manufacture in animal industries. Chronic shortage of a working capital has caused increase in unfairly big proportions of a share of the cultures which are not demanding considerable advancing, but possessing in the low added cost. As a result - grain, the corn and sunflower have occupied 75 % of all arable lands against 45-50 % in 1990. Extremely low efficiency сельхозпроизводства has caused as a matter of fact below cost prices on the earth, that in turn did not allow to address for the bank credit and has deprived of proprietors of quotas of any rational motivation.
In 2001 - 2009 the orientation of development of agrarian sector has substantially changed, new conditions for formation of a progressive social climate on village have been created. By 2009 in all territory of the country 242 mashinno-technological stations have been created, on tens thousand hectares vineyards and gardens have been planted tens refrigerators for storage of vegetables and fruit, dryers for manufacture of dried fruits are put in operation. In 2009 marketability of manufacture of field cultures has increased in comparison with 2001 almost by 40 percent. It is necessary to notice, that growth of indicators of agrarian sector was accompanied by restoration and development of a rural infrastructure. In conformity with the program «Moldavian village» have been repaired and constructed for the account state and local budgets of ten schools, objects of public health services and culture.
Central Committee plenum ascertains, that all these complex results have been rejected after coming to power in the country «the Alliance for the European integration». Since autumn of 2009 in agrarian sector of Moldova the present economic counterrevolution has begun, and social development in a countryside has been turned back. If till 2009 access to subventions in agrarian sector had hundred and more thousand addressees now those is no more than 4-5 thousand a year. If with 2001 for 2009 total expenses of the state budget for needs of directly manufacture in agriculture have increased from 86 million леев to 1 billion 148 million леев since 2009 this tendency became again negative. For 2013 it is provided all 712 million леев from which till now to landowners it is allocated only about 15 percent.
Consolidation process сельхоз the earths has completely stopped. Last years remained raw more than 300 thousand in hectares of the earths, that in 4 times it is more in comparison with 2009. About 40 percent of the areas of vineyards and 60 percent of gardens are in the thrown condition, and their further use yields only losses. The agriculture share in gross national product constantly decreases, having reached 12-13 percent, labour productivity and a wages remain one of the lowest in economy. Since the first quarter 2012, our country for the first time for last decades has ceased to be food safety self-sufficient in maintenance. Volumes of the imported foodstuffs began to exceed their export. Also for the first time for many decades in the country this year release of social bread, without any indemnifications stops.
80 percent of the population on village are behind a poverty threshold. The poorest are families of hired workers of agriculture, and also individual сельхозпроизводителей. There is a mass outflow of able-bodied population from a countryside. More than 40 percent of active agricultural population have gone abroad in search of worthy earnings. The official statistics testifies, that for 76 percent the number of the registered unemployed has grown, 62,3 percent from which make men. All these negative processes become complicated additional system and purposeful blows of the power on social sphere. Process of optimisation of educational institutions extremely negatively affects social and common cultural development in a countryside. In 2012 118 educational institutions, 108 of which in villages have been closed. The share of budgetary social expenses has decreased from 32 percent in 2009, to 25,9 percent current year. Investment in culture, namely - in the maintenance of libraries, culture houses, restoration of monuments and museums, increase of salaries to workers of sphere of culture has practically stopped.