It is impossible to tell, that it the odious person though many speak about it. It, more likely, causes envy the cheerfulness which is one of the main qualities of the reporter. Speech about the Russian television reporter and the director of documentary cinema, Michael Degtjar, the person disputable and not all liking. But nevertheless: it the owner of five higher awards of the Russian TV «ÒÝÔÈ», the author of recently issued book "Reporter", the winner of the award "UNESCO" and a member of Academy of the Russian TV. It not everything, but is already enough. The successful person in a life is worthy to share "secrets". It is possible to disagree with something, but to mean it it is necessary. Its one words about reporters of the expensive stand. «It is a way of life - twenty four hours a day and consequently it is necessary to perceive ðåïîðòåðñòâî as mission. It is allowed to us to visit there where anybody never happened. And I congratulate all those who can tell with pride:« I - the reporter »! Or here its other words: obviously: the reporter - the best in the world a trade, and its representatives - the God the selected people. That it is even better to understand this person listen …
Áàéêà about Tashkent: the String-bag with pomegranates for companion Musahanova.
In the early eighties we here have arrived with Juliem Solomonovichem Gusman known for KVN-shchikom, the director and simply popular person. It filmed «be not afraid, I with you» which plot is fastened on struggle in carat. Then for some time the power has allowed êàðàòý to leave an underground and that it is better to understand its peripetias, Gusman has organised Federation êàðàòý Azerbaijan, I was the assistant, and Gusman - the chairman. And we went on all championships êàðàòý, one of which passed in Tashkent in 81 year. Have lodged us in an awful place on city suburb. Gusman worried, that lives in such nasty conditions, and has asked to make me something. I have gone on àëàéñêèé a market, have bought pomegranates, have combined them in a string-bag, have learnt, who was the first chairman îáêîìà parties (and this same, as õîêèì, only approximately in 2-4, and even 10 times more abruptly - the note for those who does not represent degree of greatness of the person-governor). Companion Musahanov has appeared it. Has come in îáêîì parties, without the certificate, but with pomegranates, has told, that has brought a gift from the first secretary of the Baku city town committee of party Vagifa Aliafsatovicha Gusejnova. Has got on reception and has received hotel reservations "Uzbekistan", the most prestigious on those times.
For the sake of what all this adventure? If to rescue the sick child, or a city from explosion and so - so that hotel to change. But it invigorates, there is an adrenaline emission in blood. Well and what could be the most terrible in case of disclosing? Would exclude from the party? And I was not in party...
To become the reporter, it is necessary...
... To have some congenital qualities, and the others can be got: interest to a life, curiosity, ability to tell history and adventurism (about which one display it has been told above). Otherwise you can not work it is high-grade. The reporter a day should be set 24 hours by questions: as it is arranged how to tell about it to people how it is better to remove it? And today you see empty eyes, in which - desires remarkable, but others, not concerning journalism.
What to do TV if there is a tragedy? After terrible act of terrorism at the airport of Domodedovo channels continued broadcasting in a usual mode. It is correct, or it is necessary to devote an aether only to the information on act of terrorism?
Certainly, it is necessary to stop translation. I trust TV of America, apparently, all of them do correctly. In such cases they start up òèòð Break-news, and under it òèòðîì show «terrible news»: translations from places of events, interview to victims and eyewitnesses, experts, police go days. But in Russia it is not accepted.
Whether it is necessary to show bloody scenes on air? I, when do not know the answer to this or that question, I try to understand, how it is realised on American TV. When there was a terrible act of terrorism in the USA in 2001, there were kilometres of shootings of how people jumped out of windows, but any of them has not got to an aether. FBI has collected all finished shooting material at all broadcasting companies which worked on a place, and till now they lay in safes. If Americans so do, it means is correct.
Whether the reporter can have the opinion?
And in what in general a problem of the reporter or the leader of news? To be impartial or to show the attitude to an event? It is an eternal question. Under the journalism law - not we is a problem. But it is possible to bring the spectator to the decision, so having shown the facts that he has understood. In 90 Svetlana Sorokin finished news well-known «ïðîùàëêîé». But whether it is necessary to do it - disputable interrogation.
How the reporter prepares for reportings?
Earlier we sat hours in libraries, and now any material can be found in the Internet. Reporters - professional laymans, they cannot be abrupt professionals in all areas. But it is necessary to make the reporting so that one professional did not have doubts in your professionalism. On an operating time over the reporting you should be the most abrupt professional in this theme. And then it is possible to forget and get rid of all.
Fees and other money, or whether the journalist fairly can work and thus it is good to earn
It would be desirable to tell, that can, but I can not say lies - cannot. It is possible to units, those who could occupy high position. But often such journalists betray the colleagues. For example, Parfyonov and Ìèòêîâà when destroyed NTV, remained on the channel whereas the others have thrown out on street. They have betrayed the companions, and now while Parfyonov publicly not ïîêàåòñÿ for it, it cannot be considered as the journalist.
No, it is impossible to work in journalism fairly and well to earn.
The Press-services and PR-departments
Unfortunately, it is necessary to communicate often with the press-services of different structures, and it is accident in Russia. As a rule, they consist of unfortunate journalists, not so clever, empty and worthless people with high material and career inquiries which try to show how it is a lot of they from itself represent.
Problem of the PR-manager: to work on the company, instead of against it, 24 hours a day to think of that the company grew and developed. This professional relation to the work.
Independence of the state.
Unfortunately, the press and TV in Russia are not free. All broadcasting companies became state, the state pays in it money and has the right to demand, that people said that it, the state, wants. But there are some mass-media it is officially authorised to them to speak the truth: television channel "Rain", one program on Ren-TV - «News with Maryanna Maksimovskoj», newspapers "Businessman", "Sheets", radio «Echo of Moscow». Remarkably, that there are such mass-media. It is bad, when journalists from these speak mass-media to all to the rests: «here we such independent not that you, you cannot, as we to speak the truth».
«I have skinned myself to tell to you the truth»
The book "Reporter" causes rough discussions. With inherent MB frankness and severity of judgements about people and acts the author tells about itself and about that time when it became the reporter, history of TV from the end of 80th years of the last century on our time, and learns youth to reporting art.
The MB much presumes to leave, for example, after reception of the next figurine «ÒÝÔÈ», and not always at own will. But the place where to go to work, at it always is.
Äåãòÿðü is able not to remove the disgusting reporting by request of the authorities. «I cannot to induce be to do what I do not want. I always left, using the principle of the judo which have been thought up by Kano, the inventor of this struggle. When on a fur-tree branch snow continuously falls, and it becomes more and more, it bends down, bends down, and at last caves in under weight of snow. Snow has fallen - and the branch has risen. It is a judo principle: to give in and win. I used it, I gave in also all thought: I will make, as that want; but then I vanished, the sick-list took, left... It is heavy struggle against a management which will necessarily end with your loss. And I am proud, that have not made any plot by request. But would not like to propagandise this way of interaction with a management...».