Nuts, simple nuts and what bring in incomes. Only this year in Moldova have reaped a crop in 30 thousand tons. As consequence is more than 14 thousand tons of kernels of a nut. In an any way, we минсельхоз also did not dream of such crop - they predicted on 1 million kgs less! Business has experienced profitableness and the beginnings сажадь nuts more. For today it is planted so many that should be by 2018 - 12 thousand in hectares of plantations at Moldova. The chairman of the Union of associations of manufacturers of nut cultures of Moldova Konstantin Gazhim asserts, that the crop is collected about 5,5 hectares of fructifying trees. As only for 8th year trees bear fruit, and to be engaged in nuts the power has begun in 2003 the future crops will be still big.
Our inquiry: in 2005 in Moldova the National program of development орехоплодных cultures till 2020 has been accepted. According to this program, annually in Moldova planting not less than 1 thousand in hectares of commodity plantations of a walnut was planned. By 2020 the total area of plantations of a walnut should make not less than 14 thousand in hectares. However development of the areas goes faster as this kind of business shows growing indicators. The largest manufacturer of nuts is company AMG Kernel - she owns plantations the area of 1,5 thousand in hectares, - entering in AMG Holding, headed by Nikolay Chernym.
We will notice, that except industrial plantations nuts gather and from 2 million the separate trees which are in private enterprises or along long-distance lines. In total last year Moldova exported about 16 thousand т to 48 countries the world from which the lion's share of 65 % (10,4 thousand) has fallen to EU market. France - 4,5 thousand т, Iraq - 2 thousand became leaders on import of the Moldavian nut т, Turkey - 1,5 thousand т, Greece and Italy - on 1 thousand т. 90 % of a walnut are delivered in the form of a kernel. And only 10 % of nuts are exported in a shell. In quantitative expression walnut export makes only 6,4 % from export of fruit (all last year Moldova exported 248,8 thousand т fruit), thus in money terms for nut export it is necessary about 50 % from all export of fruit - $102,2 million from $202,3 million Besides, that for export there are 90 % of a local nut, Moldova also imports an integral walnut from the EU countries which in the country break into kernels and re-export to other countries. To break nuts into kernels here leaves much cheaper, than in Europe, therefore Moldova always exports a nut more, than gathers in the country. As directions for export Konstantin Gazhim explains EU choice the high price for a walnut in the European market. « Cost of a kernel of a nut depending on its quality varies from €5 to €8 for 1 kg. Besides, this market stabler. In Russia and the CIS countries demand for a nut not such big », - was noted by mister Gazhim. Exporters, in turn, tell about a rigid competition both on internal, and on external the markets.« The basic struggle is conducted for a procurement price of nuts at the population. Except struggle against the local companies it is necessary to compete and to agents from the neighbouring countries, offering higher price, and even for poor quality nuts », - president Prometeu-t Feodor Slenine tells. As he said, Moldavian production is claimed in the European market.« In the world market each country has a niche. Moldavian production not the highest quality, but in the market it has found the place. The highest quality nuts from Chile, the USA and Italy », - has noted the exporter. Director AMG Kernel Victor Gutsu, in turn, on the contrary, considers, that a competition in the market of manufacture and export of a walnut the low.« In this market while places suffice all. We export our production basically to Spain. Any problems by manufacture and export of production are not present. However, this year the crop was worse, than last years, because of adverse climatic conditions », - mister Gutsu has concluded.