Umbrella-protection frame from the sun and a rain. Having appeared over a head of the person it is more 3 thousand years ago as a sign on high position in a society, the umbrella has gradually turned to a banal protection frame from the sun and a rain. And though it and has not lost today the utilitarian appointment, now the umbrella again became an image part, as the car, clothes and hours.
In our country many believe, all illicit goods do in Small Arnautsky street in Odessa, and the native land of all consumer goods - China. The umbrella, by the way, too was thought up by Chineses. Originally it used as a sign on exclusive position - full citizens of Ancient Athenes forced not full to carry over them tents from a canvas and a black rosewood. Ladies of an epoch of a rococo did not leave the house in solar weather without a small rag umbrella - парасоля - and explained it to that their noble pallor requires protection. Actually they were engaged banal украшательством: umbrellas were lacy and, as a rule, in tone to a dress.
On the main, direct appointment - as a protection frame from a rain - an umbrella began to apply in XVIII century. For dome manufacturing then used the cloth impregnated with wax, dense silk or the varnished paper. As an umbrella skeleton 10 edges in length about 80 served the Handle see was cut out from an ivory or a tree. Gradually the umbrella became easier and less. Spokes, which to the middle of XIX century did of a whale moustache or a cane (for cheap variants), began to carry out from a thin, elastic steel; only the rod long time remained wooden.
On a design the modern umbrella differs from the ancestor approximately the same as the car from the carriage. However, and from each other umbrellas differ not less. The most widespread and convenient - collapsible. There are umbrellas in two, three and four additions. Last is located even in a ladies' handbag: its length the curtailed kind no more than 20 see However, a diminutiveness underside smaller reliability is: the more at an umbrella of knees-joints, the its design is more short-lived. The Umbrella-cane is much more reliable, besides besides purely practical value can carry out a role of a stylish accessory - a cane, undoubtedly, gives charm and elegance to the owner.
Both collapsible umbrellas, and canes can be mechanical, semi-automatic or automatic. With a mechanical umbrella all is clear: to open and close it it is necessary most. To distinguish the full automatic machine from a semiautomatic device it is possible on the handle: arrows "downwards-upwards" on the management button specify that is the automatic machine; if on the button there are no designations, before you a semiautomatic device which should be closed manually. The main advantage of automatic machines - not in durability (they break more often usual mechanical umbrellas), and in convenience.
Reliability of an umbrella depends not only on a design, but also from durability of a skeleton. The strongest - from the alloyed steel, the most short-lived (but the lungs) - from aluminium. The skeleton of the majority of modern umbrellas is equipped by system "antiwind" (special springs which protect from an umbrella reversing inside out during wind impulses), though, certainly, guarantees, that such umbrella will sustain a typhoon, no.
Very important, from what the dome is sewed. Already practically do not do a dome of pure nylon - only with polyester. There were many materials, mainly Italian, on the basis of polyester: понж, "смесовка" (a clap with polyester), сатен (a fabric simulating silk and the atlas). It is Most practical прорезиненный сатен - from it water, - and also instantly flows down fabrics with quickly drying teflon covering. And here domes from a popular clap in Europe with impregnation, considering the raised acidity of our rains, are applicable only as fashionable accessories.
The majority of cheap umbrellas which are on sale in our shops and in the markets, actually the disposable. In the West it is accepted to buy in the street a cheap umbrella that after a rain simply to send it in the nearest urn. Therefore, getting in the market "no name", it is not necessary to count an umbrella, that it will be possible to hand down it to grandsons. Certainly, the certain guarantee is given by a known label - as they say, the firm of brooms does not knit, and if knits, the firm. For example, at umbrellas of the Japanese mark so favourite in the Soviet times "Three elephants" are individual number on a leg. However it is necessary to remember, that умельцев as regards drawing of numbers and elephants it is quite enough and the presents "Three elephants" 100 леев cannot cost.
However, if the umbrella is necessary not so much for protection against a bad weather, how many for image, such things as the practicality and durability, have no great value. The design umbrella is self-sufficient, it quite a work of art. From fashionable etiquette there is only one instruction: as well as any other accessory, an umbrella urged стилистически to supplement the dress. Differently, if you are dressed in a business suit, the severity will not break an umbrella-cane of the classical form and a reserved colouring. The dress in style casual will quite endure an umbrella monophonic or in a floret. If on you the stretched sweater in style vagabond and conceptually threadbare jeans, choose a nonconventional umbrella-cane with four spokes and in general think, whether the umbrella is necessary to you.