Hugo Raphael Chavez Frias, the permanent president of Bolivariasky Republic Venezuela, was born on July, 28th, 1954 in Venezuela, has died on March, 5th, 2013
. The inconsistent person, but a life of the country it has changed. For one it was a symbol of struggle against the American imperialism for the rights of the small states and simple people, for others - one of the most odious dictators of last time. In spite of the fact that Chavez sharply criticised the United States of America, his life in certain degree is reflexion of the American dream.
The president of Venezuela Hugo Chavez in December, 2012 has transferred the fourth operation on removal of a cancer tumour in Havana. Since then it remained on Cuba where passed rehabilitation. In January it was informed that Chavez's state of health has sharply worsened in connection with a sharp respiratory infection. There were hearings, that it even has run in whom. However the Venezuelan authorities assured, that the president goes on the amendment and every day feels better. Nevertheless, because of illness it could not take part in the inauguration appointed for January, 10th, 2013. On February, 18th after long treatment on Cuba Chavez has returned to Venezuela. However since then it did not appear on public. Hugo Chavez has died on March, 5th at 23:55 (on Belarus time). The new heavy pulmonary infection became the Cause of death.
The future president of the Venezuela having the mixed afro-indejsko-Spanish origin, was born on July, 28th, 1954. Hugo Chavez's childhood has passed in small town in staff Баринос in the west of Venezuela. His family was rather poor, despite the heroic revolutionary past of some its ancestors. Nevertheless, family position has essentially changed with arrival of the politician to the power: his father Hugo-senior in 1998-2008 was the governor of staff Баринос, brother Adan - the Minister of Education in 2007-2008 and governor Barinosa since 2008, brother Anibal José is the mayor of native small town of the politician, and brother Arhenis in 2011 became the vice-minister in the ministry of a people's well-being of Venezuela. Has carried with a ministerial armchair and to the son-in-law of the president - Хорхе Арреасе, to the spouse of his oldest daughter of Dew Вирхинии who since 2011 is the minister of a science and technologies.
In 1971 17-year-old Hugo Chavez has arrived in Military academy which has ended in four years in a rank of the second lieutenant. The future president of Venezuela served in ВДВ, as a reminder on what its red beret of the commando till now serves. The service in army has deduced Chavez on top of a political Olympus.
In 1977 the lieutenant of the Venezuelan army, since the childhood become engrossed in reading of stories about war heroes for independence of Latin America of Spain and works of communistic philosophers, bases the Liberation army of the people of Venezuela (then Revolutionary боливарианское movement - 200) - the underground organisation in ranks of the army. Appointed in 1981 the teacher in military academy, captain Chavez starts to extend actively the ideas among cadets.
In 1989 to the power in Venezuela Carlos Peres who contrary to the pre-election pledges, has started to carry out in the country neoliberal to the policy has come, carrying out recommendations of IMF and the USA. Reduction of budgetary expenses and coming to power of oligarchs have caused a discontent wave in the country that has in turn led to mass reprisals: nearby 300 persons were lost, many have been wounded or were missing. On this background already major Hugo Chavez has started to prepare for revolution under the code name "Operation Самора".
Early in the morning on February, 4th, 1992 five military formations under the guidance of Chavez have made an attempt to grasp a presidential palace, the Ministry of Defence, the military airport and a military museum. However the plan has failed, and the rebellious major has been compelled to surrender. During attempt of revolution of 14 soldiers it has been killed, 50 have got wounds. Chavez has been arrested and imprisoned.
However in 1993 Carlos Peres as a result of impeachment has been discharged of the power, and president Raphael Kaldera who has come to it in the stead in 1994 has set Chavez free. So its ascension to the power has begun. In 1998 he with promises radical social and economic reforms at the head "Movements of the Fifth Republic" has won presidential elections, having typed 56,2 % of voices. Its inauguration has taken place on February, 2nd, 1999. Further it was re-elected in 2001, 2006 and 2012.
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At Hugo Chavez, as well as at many odious leaders, the country has replaced the name and the state symbolics: in 1999 the state officially began to be called Bolivariansky Republic Venezuela, in 2006 the flag and the country arms have been changed. Hugo Chavez even has turned time back: having passed on-4,5 hour across Greenwich for "more fair distribution in Venezuela of a sunlight".
Has changed Hugo Chavez and the country constitution: the president has had an opportunity to correct not five, but six years and also to be selected for the second term. However, for example, from Belarus friend Alexander Lukashenko it after constitution change at once - in 2000 - has spent re-elections whereas the Belarus president has on the contrary reckoned the first presidential term from a November referendum of 1996 (Alexander Lukashenko's board in 1994-1996 to difference it has appeared as though it is not counted).
Hugo Chavez in the policy it leans mainly against poor levels of population whereas at prosperous and the middle class it does not use support. In internal policy it is possible to carry scale nationalisation to its most significant actions. So, in 2007 Chavez declared nationalisation of the telecommunication in Venezuela telecommunication and electropower companies supervised by the American firms. Then it allocated with parliament чрезвыйчайными by powers, has nationalised all oil fields in the country. In April 2008года he declared nationalisation of the cement industry, then - the largest metallurgical combine Sidor and so on. It is necessary to note and a recognition it for 300 thousand Indians of the right to the earths of the traditional residing and participation in registration of their borders.
Chavez was exposed time and again to the sharp criticism. Opponents and the international public accuse Chavez of neglect to the selective legislation, infringement of human rights and political reprisals, excessive wastefulness and actual financing of expenses of the Cuban state. Meanwhile is on its account and the International award for the contribution to protection of human rights, the truth of name Муаммара Каддафи. Also on its breast of an award of such countries, as Belarus, Iran, Nicaragua, South Ossetia, Cuba, Syria. In 2002 in the country even the revolution accompanied by mass protests of the population has been made. Chavez for two days has been arrested, but under the pressure of poor levels of population путчисты have released the president.
In foreign policy to Hugo Chavez's naming троцкистом and the supporter of permanent revolution merits, it is possible to carry creation Latin American "Good axes" where, besides Venezuela, Cuba, Bolivia and Ecuador enter. Feed for this association the liking and a number of other Latin American states. The given axis pulls together not only the left antiimperialistic and Antiamerican rhetoric of their leaders, but also real mutual benefit from cooperation. It is possible to carry to number of good friends to the Venezuelan leader also presidents of Belarus and Iran, late Libyan leader Kaddafi. Good relations at it have developed and with Russia in which it buys arms. Venezuela Chavez - one of few countries, the recognised independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
The most intense relations at Chavez have developed from the USA (George Bush he named "devil") and the next Colombia (the previous president of Colombia Alvaro Urribe he even named "criminal", "subordinate Bush" and the head of "narcogovernment", and him suspect of support of the Colombian insurgents-revolutionaries). On November, 10th, 2007 all world was bypassed by a phrase "Why to you not to shut up?", with which to Hugo Chavez at the ibero-American meeting the king of Spain Juan Carlos I has addressed. It began the answer to attempts of the president of Venezuela to interrupt performance of the Spanish prime minister and its charge to Spain in support путчистов 2002. It is necessary to note and Chavez's advances during presidential campaign of 2012 with anti-Semitism - its basic competitor on those elections Энрике Каприлес Радонски is the descendant of the Spanish and Polish Jews.